Dispatch from the Razor's Edge, the Blog of Michael Stephen Fuchs

Stream-of-Consciousness Rants of an Attention-Craving Narcissist

A Few Particularly Priceless Bits From Michiko Kakutani's The Death of Truth: Notes on Falsehood in the Age of Trump

The founders of America established the young republic on the Enlightenment principles of reason, liberty, progress, and religious tolerance. And to guard against the possibility, in the words of Alexander Hamilton, of “a man unprincipled in private life” and “bold in his temper” one day arising who might “mount the hobby horse of popularity” and “flatter and fall in with all the non sense of the zealots of the day” in order to embarrass the government and “throw things into confusion that he may ‘ride the storm and direct the whirlwind.’”
[Ed.: So, we can't say no one saw this coming. Leave it to the founders.]
Trump instinctively grasped that the new internet-driven landscape and voters' ignorance about issues made it easier than ever to play to voters' fears and resentments by promoting sticky, viral narratives that served up alternate realities.

Depicting America as a country reeling from crime (when, in fact, the crime rate was experiencing historic lows – less than half what it was at its peak in 1991). A country beset by waves of violent immigrants (when, in fact, studies show that immigrants are less likely to commit violent crimes than U.S.-born citizens). Immigrants who are a burden to the country and who should be vetted more carefully (when, in fact, thirty-one of seventy-eight American Nobel Prizes since 2000 were won by immigrants, and immigrants and their kids have helped found an estimated 60 percent of the top U.S. tech companies, worth nearly four trillion dollars).

The algorithms of social networks – which give people news that's popular and trending, rather than accurate or important – are helping to promote conspiracy theories. “We are long past merely partisan filter bubbles and well into the realm of siloed communities that experience their own reality and operate with their own facts.”
Victor Klemperer, a German-Jewish linguist who survived World War II in Dresden, devoted an entire chapter of his book The Language of the Third Reich to the Nazis' obsession with numbers and superlatives; everthing had to be the best or the most. If a German from the Third Reich went on an elephant hunt, he would have to boast that he'd “finished off the biggest elephants in the world, in unimaginable numbers, with the best weapon on earth.” Many of the Nazis' own numbers (regarding enemy soldiers killed, prisoners taken, audience numbers for a radio broadcast of a rally) were so exaggerated that they took on a “fairy-tale quality.”

The Trump administration, in fact, debuted with the White House press secretary insisting that Trump's inaugural crowds were the “largest audience” ever – an assertion that defied photographic evidence.

These sorts of lies, the journalist Masha Gessen has pointed out, are told for the same reason that Vladimir Putin lies: “to assert power over truth itself.”

At the same time, Trump continued his personal assault on the English language. Trump's incoherence (his twisted syntax, his reversals, his insincerity, his bad faith, and his inflammatory bombast) is both emblematic of the chaos he creates and thrives on as well as an essential instrument in his liar's tool kit. His interviews, off-teleprompter speeches, and tweets are a startling jumble of insults, exclamations, boasts, digressions, non sequiturs, qualifications, exhortations, and innuendos – a bully's efforts to intimidate, gaslight, polarize, and scapegoat.
Trump's tweets have been deemed official pronouncements of the president of the United States. Whether they are distractions meant to divert attention from the Russia investigations, the stream-of-consciousness rants of an attention-craving narcissist, or part of a more deliberate strategy to acclimate people to the aberrant, the tweets have immediate consequences around the planet, escalating nuclear tensions with North Korea, alienating whole countries and continents, and sending tremors through the post-World War II order.
As the role that social media had played in spreading fake news and enabling Russian efforts to interfere in the 2016 U.S. election became increasingly clear, some Silicon Valley insiders experienced a kind of existential crisis.

The problems were inherent, some argued, in the algorithms used by platforms like Facebook to maximize user engagement. The more time members spend on a platform, the more ads a company sells and the more profits it makes, and the way to maximize engagement is by “sucking up and analyzing your data, using it to predict what will cause you to react most strongly, and then giving you more that.” Conspiracy theories easily go viral on social media. And so do dumbed-down, inflammatory political messages.

Trump's hate-fueled message was almost tailor-made for social media algorithms. Steve Bannon said, “We got elected on Drain the Swamp, Lock Her Up, Build a Wall. This was pure anger. Anger and fear is what gets people to the polls.”

The Russians' long-term goal – to erode voters' faith in democracy and the electoral system – dovetailed with their short-term goal of tipping the outcome toward Trump. Russian operatives published some eighty thousand posts on Facebook between June 2015 and August 2017 that might have been seen by 126 million Americans; that's more than half the number of people registered to vote in the country.
Lenin specialized in promises he would never keep. “He lied unashamedly. He identified a scapegoat he could later label ‘enemies of the people.” He justified himself on the basis that winning meant everything.

Hitler devoted whole chapters of Mein Kampf to propaganda: appeal to people's emotions, not their intellects; use “stereotyped formulas,” repeated over and over again; continuously assail opponents and label them with distinctive phrases or slogans that will elicit visceral reactions from the audience. Described by biographers as a narcissist with a taste for self-dramatization, Hitler possessed an instinctive sense of how to capture public attention from the start.

Trump, of course, is a troll – both by temperament and by habit. His tweets and offhand taunts are the very essence of trolling – the lies, the scorn, the invective, the trash talk, and the rabid non sequiturs of an angry, aggrieved, isolated, and deeply self-absorbed adolescent who lives in a self-constructed bubble and gets the attention he craves from bashing his enemies and leaving clouds of outrage and dismay in his path.
A celebrity David Foster Wallace held up as a symbol of the poisonousness of 1990s postmodernist irony can now be seen, in retrospect, as harbinger of Trump: Rush Limbaugh, whom he described as embodying “a hatred that winks and nudges you and pretends it's just kidding.” The trickle-down legacy of postmodernism, Wallace argued, was “sarcasm, cynicism, a manic ennui, suspicion of all authority, suspicion of all constraints on conduct.”

[Ed.: Wallace called it even more presciently, in Infinite Jest, with the (in-the-past) Limbaugh administration.]

Trump's lies, his efforts to redefine reality, his violation of norms and rules and traditions, his mainstreaming of hate speech, his attacks on the press, the judiciary, the electoral system – all are reasons that the democracy watchdog group Freedom House warned that year one of the Trump administration had brought “further, faster erosion of America's own democratic standards than at any other time in memory.” Once he has left office, the damage he has done to American institutions and the country's foreign policy will take years to repair.
George Washington's Farewell Address of 1796 was eerily clairvoyant about the dangers America now faces. Washington warned about the rise of “cunning, ambitious, and unprincipled men” who might try to “usurp for themselves the reins of government, destroying afterwards the very engines which have lifted them to unjust dominion.“

He warned about the “insidious wiles of foreign influence” and the dangers of “ambitious, corrupted, or deluded citizens” who might devote themselves to a favorite foreign nation in order “to betray or sacrifice the interests” of America.

Without commonly agreed-upon facts, there can be no rational debate. Without truth, democracy is hobbled. The founders recognized this, and those seeking democracy's survival must recognize it today.

close photo of Michael Stephen Fuchs

Fuchs is the author of the novels The Manuscript and Pandora's Sisters, both published worldwide by Macmillan in hardback, paperback and all e-book formats (and in translation); the D-Boys series of high-tech, high-concept, spec-ops military adventure novels – D-Boys, Counter-Assault, and Close Quarters Battle (coming in 2016); and is co-author, with Glynn James, of the bestselling Arisen series of special-operations military ZA novels. The second nicest thing anyone has ever said about his work was: "Fuchs seems to operate on the narrative principle of 'when in doubt put in a firefight'." (Kirkus Reviews, more here.)

Fuchs was born in New York; schooled in Virginia (UVa); and later emigrated to the San Francisco Bay Area, where he lived through the dot-com boom. Subsequently he decamped for an extended period of tramping before finally rocking up in London, where he now makes his home. He does a lot of travel blogging, most recently of some very  long  walks around the British Isles. He's been writing and developing for the web since 1994 and shows no particularly hopeful signs of stopping.

You can reach him on .

THE MANUSCRIPT by Michael Stephen Fuchs
PANDORA'S SISTERS by Michael Stephen Fuchs
D-BOYS by Michael Stephen Fuchs
COUNTER-ASSAULT by Michael Stephen Fuchs
ARISEN, Book One - Fortress Britain, by Glynn James & Michael Stephen Fuchs
ARISEN, Book Two - Mogadishu of the Dead, by Glynn James & Michael Stephen Fuchs
ARISEN : Genesis, by Michael Stephen Fuchs
ARISEN Book Three - Three Parts Dead, by Glynn James & Michael Stephen Fuchs
ARISEN Book Four - Maximum Violence, by Glynn James & Michael Stephen Fuchs
ARISEN Book Five - EXODUS, by Glynn James & Michael Stephen Fuchs
ARISEN Book Six - The Horizon, by Glynn James & Michael Stephen Fuchs
ARISEN, Book Seven - Death of Empires, by Glynn James & Michael Stephen Fuchs
ARISEN, Book Eight - Empire of the Dead by Glynn James & Michael Stephen Fuchs
ARISEN : NEMESIS by Michael Stephen Fuchs
ARISEN, Book Nine - Cataclysm by Michael Stephen Fuchs

ARISEN, Book Ten - The Flood by Michael Stephen Fuchs
ARISEN, Book Eleven - Deathmatch by Michael Stephen Fuchs
ARISEN, Book Twelve - Carnage by Michael Stephen Fuchs
ARISEN, Book Thirteen - The Siege by Michael Stephen Fuchs
ARISEN, Book Fourteen - Endgame by Michael Stephen Fuchs
ARISEN : Fickisms
ARISEN : Odyssey
ARISEN : Last Stand
ARISEN : Raiders, Volume 1 - The Collapse
ARISEN : Raiders, Volume 2 - Tribes
Black Squadron
ARISEN : Raiders, Volume 3 - Dead Men Walking
ARISEN : Raiders, Volume 4 - Duty
ARISEN : Raiders, Volume 5 - The Last Raid
ARISEN : Fickisms ][ – This Time, It's Personal
ARISEN : Operators, Volume I - The Fall of the Third Temple
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